Brown: Chapter 11 Questions
How does group work relate to individualized instruction?
By tailoring small groups to meet individual
students needs, teacher is providing a form of
individualized instruction. Group composition
and activities can be structured to capitalize
on student strengths and to address limitations;
helps to solve problem of large classes that
don't offer many opportunities to speak.
What is an appropriate situation for pair work? Name the differences between group and pair work.
In tasks that are short, linguistically simple,
and quite controlled in terms of the structure
of the task
Pair work: better for short, linguistically simple,
very controlled tasks, question and answer,
checking written work, quick brainstorming, any
brief activity where no time for logistics of group
Group work: 2 or more people with an appropriate
task that lends itself to group work
What is the final step in implementing group work and why?
debriefing; brings the class back together
and gives a sense of completion; gives
students a chance to share their experiences
with sensitivity and provides teacher with
important feedback as to the success of the
What are the 8 rules for introducing a group technique?
• introduce the technique
• justify the use of small groups
• model the technique
• give explicit detailed instructions
• divide the class into groups
• check for clarification
• set the task in motion / monitor
What is group work beneficial communicatively?
Group should be used as a communicative activity.
If the teach has control of the class, the teacher
has to yield some control in order for real
communication to occur, but the student must stay
on task. This is a great way to get "shy" students
to participate with their peers. Group work can
help students achieve specific goals together
while using the target language.
What are the advantages of group work?
• it generates interactive language
• it offers an embracing affective climate
• it promotes learner responsibility and autonomy
• it is a step toward individualizing instruction
What is the most common reason for the breakdown of group work?
Inadequate introduction and lean-in to the task.
What are some ways teachers can minimize L1 use (native language use) in group work?
• place students in heterogeneous language
• stress the importance of practice
• appeal to students' intrinsic motivation to
learn the language
• demonstrate how enjoyable the activities are
• inform them of the security offered by
• convince them small groups build
List some typical group tasks.
• role-play and simulations
• information gap
• jig saw
• problem solving and decision
• opinion exchange
Time & Place
Textbook & Materials
Major Learning Activities
Course Requirements & Grading Scheme
Students with Disabilities
Dr. Lynn E. Henrichsen
Department of Linguistics
Brigham Young University
Last Updated: Saturday, January 24, 1998