Brown: Chapter 19 Questions
How can tests aid learning?
• By increasing motivation or studying.
• By setting goals of the students
before and after the test.
• By providing a sense of periodic
closure to various units of curriculum.
• By encouraging students' self-
evaluation of their progress.
• By aiding to evaluate teaching
What are the characteristics of an intrinsically motivating test?
An intrinsically motivating test involves
students in cooperative group preparation.
it brings out student's best performance,
not their worst. It has authentic language
and tasks. it provides optimal feedback to
the students. it may involve students in
some phase of evaluation.
What are the 4 principles to remember when creating intrinsically motivating test?
1. Advance preparation for the students
2. Face validity
Is it possible to create an intrinsically motivating test? If so, what elements should it have?
Yes, with some creativity:
• Create a test is realistic.
• Create a test that has authentic
• Create a test that may involve
students in some phase of the
• Use cooperative group preparation
that involves students in the test
• Strive to bring out the best in
• Use cooperative pair work.
• Give advanced preparation.
Compare and contrast formative vs. summative testing.
Formative is on-going through the course
and is used primarily to check on
Summative tests are usually at the end
of a course and use sampling to see what
material the students have learned.
What are some keys to test making?
• Have a clear objective.
• Make sure questions match objectives.
• Make a draft and revision.
• Ask for feedback from students.
• Re-evaluate test due to results.
What is face validity? How can a teacher assure that a test has face validity (name 4 things)?
Face validity: as students perceive the
test, the feel it is valid.
• Carefully construct and think out a format.
• Make items that are clear and uncomplicated.
• Directions are crystal clear.
• Tasks are familiar and related to course work.
• Level of difficulty appropriate.
Explain the "washback" principle in creating an intrinsically motivating test.
Students should be able to use the
information about their competence (both
strengths and weaknesses) that is provided
by test feedback. Test results should be
returned promptly. Students should be
able to discuss results with the
teacher. (Brown, p. 385)
What is the difference between a formal test and an informal test?
unplanned assessments that are made as
a course moves along toward its goals
exercises or experiences specifically
designed to tap into an extensive
storehouse of skills and knowledge,
usually within a relatively short
time period (375)
What are some examples of performance-based testing?
• open-ended problems
• hands-on projects
• students' portfolios
• essay writing
• group projects (p.378)
Time & Place
Textbook & Materials
Major Learning Activities
Course Requirements & Grading Scheme
Students with Disabilities
Dr. Lynn E. Henrichsen
Department of Linguistics
Brigham Young University
Last Updated: Saturday, January 24, 1998