Brown: Chapter 3 Questions
Discuss the role of "teacher as facilitator" as it relates to motivation in the classroom.
The teacher's role should be to enable
students to achieve independently,
increasing their sense of competence
and control over their own learning.
The teacher should provide a rich
environment for learning.
What is the purpose of rewards in a behavioristic sense?
Rewards motivate good behavior or perhaps
reinforce such behavior. (Punishment is
the negative form of this.)
What is the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation?
Intrinsic: comes from within
Extrinsic: outward focus / base
Brown 3 p.38-39
Why is learner-centered, cooperative teaching intrinsically motivating?
Because when students have the opportunity
to make choices in activities, lesson planning,
etc., they can feel less like puppets on a
string and more " in control" of their own
learning. Motivation is high when they can
make their own choices. (p.37, 44)
Name 6 general guidelines to follow which will help you to infuse your ESL classroom with intrinsically motivating dynamics.
1. Teachers are enablers, not rewarders.
2. Learners need to develop autonomy, not dependence.
3. Help learners to take charge of their own learning.
4. Give students opportunities to make choices in activities.
5. Use content-based activities and courses.
6. Allow some student input in testing.
How does extrinsic motivation enhance intrinsic motivation?
It doesn't. Positive feedback is the only
kind of extrinsic motivation that adds to the
student's confidence level and thus benefits
the intrinsic motivation. (See Brown, p.39)
How does a behaviorist's definition of motivation differ from that of cognitive psychological viewpoints?
Behaviorist: anticipation of reinforcement:
a.drive theory with 6 innate drives that compel
us to act (Drive Theory);
2. needs theory with hierarchy of basic
needs (Maslow's Hierarchy);
3. self-control theory center on the importance
of people deciding for themselves
(Hunt's Self- Control Theory)
According to Skinner or Watson, what is the most important factor in a behavioristic psychology?
Rewards or punishment
What is one major weakness of extrinsically driven behavior?
Define intrinsic motivation.
"Intrinsically motivated activities are ones for
which there is no apparent reward except the
Activity itself. People seem to engage in the
activities for their own sake and not because
they lead to an extrinsic reward. Intrinsically
motivated behaviors are aimed at bringing about
certain internally rewarding consequences, namely,
feelings of competence and self-determination."
Name some ways of redirecting extrinsic values into intrinsic values in your class.
1. emphasize the big picture
2. let students set up long-term goals
3. allow sufficient time for learning
4. cooperative learning activities
5. group work
6. viewing the class as a team
How do we change tests and exams into intrinsic innovations?
Incorporate consultation and peer evaluation;
tests should be viewed as feedback instruments
for self-diagnosis and not for comparing one's
performance against a norm.
Time & Place
Textbook & Materials
Major Learning Activities
Course Requirements & Grading Scheme
Students with Disabilities
Dr. Lynn E. Henrichsen
Department of Linguistics
Brigham Young University
Last Updated: Saturday, January 24, 1998