Brown: Chapter 6 Questions
What are some reminders when teaching teenagers?
1. Students do have ability to think abstractly.
2. Attention span lengthen but there are many
factors that cause student to divert attention
(i.e. Parties, appearance, opposite sex etc.).
3. Sensory input is important but add abstraction.
4. Factors surrounding ego, self-image and
self-esteem are at the pinnacle.
What are some things the secondary education school teacher can do to keep students' self-esteem high?
1. Avoid embarrassment of students at all costs.
2. Affirm talents and strengths of each person.
3. Allow error to be accepted.
4. Avoid competition.
5. Encourage small group work.
What are some do's and don'ts of general classroom management for adults?
Do remember that although the adult may not
be able to express complex thinking in the new
language, they are intelligent adults with mature
Do give them opportunities to make choices
Don't treat adults like children.
Don't discipline adults like you would to
What are 2 things you should not do to adults that you should to children in ESL settings?
1. Don't treat them as children by talking down
to them or calling them "kid".
2. Don't discipline them the same way -
check for logical explanations for disruptive
What are the 5 major areas to consider with respect to age?
1. Intellectual development
2. Attention span
3. Sensory input
4. Affective factors
5. Authentic / meaningful language
What sort of activities should you incorporate into a lesson plan geared toward children?
Activities that require physical response or
participation, use visual aids and that
stimulate their curiosity; hands-on activities
ones that use the different senses.
(Brown 6, p. 90-92)
What are five strategies to consider when approaching a class to teach (regardless of age)?
1. intellectual development
2. attention span
3. need for sensory input
4. several affective factors
5. role of authentic, meaningful language
How can teachers help students overcome their inhibitions?
1. help the students laugh with each other
2. be patient and supportive
3. elicit as much oral participation as possible
What are the differences between teaching adults and children?
1. adults can learn & retain a larger vocabulary
2. adults use various deductive and abstract
processes to hasten the learning of grammatical
and other linguistic concepts
3. adults have superior intellect which usually
helps them to learn faster
4. adults have longer attention spans for material
that may not be intrinsically interesting to them
5. sensory input need not always be quite as
varied with adults
What is known as the "caretaker" voice?
inappropriately "babyish" voice for adult ESL
students that can hamper their feelings of
confidence and self-worth
What points must you bear in mind about intellectual development when teaching children?
1. don't explain grammar with terms like
2. avoid rules in abstract terms
3. call students' attention to patterns
4. difficult concepts require repetition
Do children have shorter attention span than adults? Explain.
Not necessarily. Children have short
attention spans when the teacher presents
things that are boring, useless, or
difficult to them. Teachers must teach
things that are interesting, lively, and fun.
Why should authentic, meaningful language be used in children's English classrooms?
Children are interested in language for
the here and now, and are less willing to
put up with language that doesn't hold
immediate rewards for them.
Time & Place
Textbook & Materials
Major Learning Activities
Course Requirements & Grading Scheme
Students with Disabilities
Dr. Lynn E. Henrichsen
Department of Linguistics
Brigham Young University
Last Updated: Saturday, January 24, 1998