Brown: Chapter 8 Questions
What is the difference between English as a second language and English as a foreign language? (p. 120-21)
second language: English learned in a native
foreign language: English learned in a
country where English is not spoken natively.
What can be done outside of class to help EFL students learn English?
p. 121 (8 guidelines)
How can you use an ESL situation (as opposed to EFL) to your advantage?
Give homework which utilizes English-speaking
situations that surround students: tv, radio,
newspaper; conversations with English speakers;
write letter to a charity; arrange "mixes" with
English speakers; encourage students to seek out
opportunities for practice; etc. (121)
What is English as an international language?
The phenomenon where English has become the
international language for communication and
therefore has undergone some evolutionary changes
in the process in certain areas. A teacher must
be aware of the areas' expectations and concept
vis-a-vis English and adopt the teaching
What are the 2 main issues dealing with internationalized varieties of English that English teachers must concern themselves with?
1. English is increasingly being used as a tool
for interaction among nonnative speakers
2. English is not frequently learned as a tool
for understanding and teaching U.S./British
What are the views of "English Only" advocates and "English Plus" advocates? classroom?
exclusive use of English in all educational and
political contexts; this view implies that use of
non-English languages will impede English learning
values non-English languages and cultures but also
promotes ESL programs, including adequate funding
for such; does not view non-English use as a threat
to English as does English-only movement (p. 123)
Identify and describe several of the models used in the U.S. to deal with LEP students.
submersion, immersion, sheltered English,
mainstreaming, traditional bilingual programs,
maintenance bilingual programs, and enrichment
programs (p. 125-127)
What is the difference between subtractive and additive bilingualism?
when native language is considered to be
detrimental to L2 learning additive: occurs
when the native language is held in prestige
by the community
What are submersion programs?
Students that don't speak the target language are
"submerged" in regular content-area classes with no
special foreign language instruction; they believe
the students will absorb English as they focus on
school subject matter.
Explain the advantages and disadvantages of Maintenance Bilingual Programs.
stimulates the continued development of
pupils' native languages and building
confidence and expertise in the content areas
discourages English mastery; high cost of
staffing maintenance classes
Time & Place
Textbook & Materials
Major Learning Activities
Course Requirements & Grading Scheme
Students with Disabilities
Dr. Lynn E. Henrichsen
Department of Linguistics
Brigham Young University
Last Updated: Saturday, January 24, 1998